- In the pursuit of sustainable agriculture, scientists and farmers are continually seeking innovative solutions to enhance crop productivity while reducing the environmental impact. Rhizobium, a fascinating group of soil bacteria, has emerged as a key player in sustainable farming practices due to its unique ability to form symbiotic relationships with leguminous plants and fix atmospheric nitrogen. This article explores the wonders of Rhizobium and its significant role in revolutionizing modern agricultural systems.
- it is a genus of soil bacteria that possesses the remarkable capability of converting atmospheric nitrogen into ammonia in a symbiotic association with leguminous plants. The symbiosis occurs within specialized structures called nodules, which form on the plant’s roots.
- One of the most crucial roles of Rhizobium is its capacity for biological nitrogen fixation. The bacteria take atmospheric nitrogen, which plants cannot directly utilize, and convert it into a plant-friendly form of ammonia. This nitrogen becomes an essential nutrient for the leguminous plant’s growth.
Mechanism of Action
- Rhizobium (Bradyrhizobium japonicum) bacteria is a bio-fertilizer based on the selective strains of nitrogen-fixing beneficial Rhizobium bacteria. This is available in powder formulation. Rhizobium fixes the atmospheric nitrogen through the process of biological nitrogen fixation and makes it available to plant in an easily assailable and utilizable form. Rhizobium bacteria closely associated with pulses crops by forming root nodule.
1. It fixes the atmospheric nitrogen and makes it available to crop.
2. It increases number & length of roots and shoots.
3. Additionally, it also improves the fertility of soil and reduces the use of chemical fertilizers. It is Harmless, Eco-friendly and low cost agro-input.
- Soil Application: Apply 1 Kg Bio-Fertilizer For 1 Acer Land.
- Sugarcane Plants, Sweet Potato, Sweet Sorghum.